Op herhaling: Application Of EM Technology

Professor Teruo Higa, College of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan 

Clinical and Basic Medical Research on EM-X, A Collection of Research Papers (Volume 2)
Supervisor: Teruo Higa
Editor: Bin Ke
Prepared for the 1st International EM Medical Conference
EMMC Steering Committee
Okinawa, Japan
November, 2001

Keynotes Speech, by Professor Teruo Higa
I would like to extend my gratitude to all of you for your cooperation in organizing the First International EM Medical Conference. As Dr. Usmani just mentioned, EM possesses a very wide diversity of mysterious power. Through my research on EM for the past twenty years, the roles or power of EM may be summarized under the following three headings; antioxidation, deionization, and regeneration.

Antioxidation is now common knowledge throughout the field of medicine. When we talk about antioxidation, we tend to think about antioxidants, vitamin C and vitamin E. In fact, EM contains only a small amount of these substances. Instead, the major components of EM include various polysaccharides that have attracted attention lately, as well as chelated minerals, which differ somehow from olizanol and inositol, the conventional antioxidants. These chelated substances are characterized by having an antioxidation effect while possessing catalytic actions.

In human beings, nutrients are absorbed into the body in ionized forms. This occurs not only in humans, but also in plants. Therefore, there is a misunderstanding that everything that is ionized is good. This is because if a substance is ionized under the usual condition, free radicals are induced. In other words, if a substance remains in ionized form and comes into contact with oxygen, it is converted into harmful substances. Therefore, a substance in a persistently ionized state has a minus aspect. The most important thing is that they are in an easily ionized state up to the time of absorption. This is the essence of deionization. EM has a very special property. When EM is used, substances in ionized form are converted into deionized form. Then just before they are ready to be absorbed by plants or animals, they instantly change back into the ionized form.
This principle was first utilized in making permanent battery in industry. When a battery goes out of order, this occurs when excessive ions are accumulated, or when excessive free radicals are generated. Deionization prevents the excessive accumulation. Therefore, when we talk about deionization, we do not mean that all the ions are deionized, but to change those ions that are in a state of inducing free radicals into a normal state, and to prevent the ions from getting into a state of excessive reactivity.

I have mentioned this in my new recently published book entitled “Ocean Salt with Amazing Regenerating Power”. In this book, I wrote that there are two kinds of salt. One type is good for your body and the other type is bad for your body. Salt that is bad for the body has a strong ionizing power. And, because the ions of this salt strongly induce active oxygen species and free radicals, consequently it becomes a salt that is bad for the body. However, when this strongly ionizing salt is treated with EM, it is changed into a deionized state and becomes a salt good for health. As soon as you start taking this salt, the body condition greatly improves. Food also becomes tastier with it. The salt has properties different from common salt. The basic property of this salt resembles the property of deep seawater collected from a depth greater than 200 m. This deep seawater possesses wonderous properties; for example, nails do not rust when they are left in this water.
This salt has the same properties. In fact, this applies to all matter. For the same substance, whether it is said to be good or bad for the body all depends on the level of ions. Whether or not a substance induces active oxygen species and free radicals determines whether it is good or bad to the body. The characteristics of using EM, EM-X or EM ceramics is that with time, the substance turns to a deionized state, and it stops causing harmful effects.

Various regenerative phenomena occur when EM is used, although the mechanisms are not yet understood.
When iron is immersed in EM-X, a phenomenon that the iron increases in mass; that is, in weight, can be observed. Usually, when iron rusts, its mass decreases. With EM-X, the weight of iron is increased. This phenomenon cannot be explained by the conventional scientific theories.
For example, after using a new razor blade, if we immerse it in EM-X and observe it, we find the following. Immediately after use, the blade is slightly dented. On the next day, when we look at it under microscope, the blade is continuous and has recovered to its original state. Our research reveals that compared to the initial measurements, the mass and energy are both increased.
When EM is used diversely in agriculture, even after snow falls, the grounds applied with EM are not covered in snow and the snow soon melts away. When used on roads, the roads do not get frozen up. They are both associated with a special kind of wave. This phenomenon is unlikely to occur if extra energy is not added to the system.
In the beginning, we tried to explain this energy by calling it magnetic wave resonance, because we found that the energy resonates with magnetism. Afterward, through research conducted by various researchers, some scholars advised me and proposed that the energy may be gravity wave.
Conducting research to prove the existence of gravity wave resonance has been a difficult task. Even so, Dr. Seki who is engaged in the research of gravity wave resonance has demonstrated that a considerable number of microorganisms generate gravity wave. These microorganisms are useful bacteria that are commonly used in food processing, including lactic acid bacteria and yeasts. Almost all of these useful bacteria have the capability to produce antioxidant substances. It has been published that these bacteria generate gravity wave resonance. Subsequently, we also investigated this aspect, and found that among these bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria generated tremendous gravity wave. Photosynthetic bacteria possess various wonderful properties. One of the properties is that they convert very strong heat shock stress into electricity so that they are not harmed by the heat. When the photosynthetic bacteria are isolated in pure culture and strengthened, even after boiling at 100°C they are not killed. If we mix these photosynthetic bacteria that are resistant to over 100°C with clay, bake it at 1200°C into ceramics and leave it on a clean bench in a germfree state, then if we culture the ceramics in a medium containing nutrients for the photosynthetic bacteria, we get colonies of the photosynthetic bacteria. We repeated this experiment again and again. Finally, by checking for bacterial chlorophyll (pigment possessed by photosynthetic bacteria) and DNA sequence, the results confirmed that these bacteria were undoubtedly photosynthetic bacteria.
We presented these results at the Conference of Applied Microbiology Association, but nobody believed our findings. After exchanging various opinions, we asked them if the methods we used were incorrect. After explaining our methods, everyone was convinced that our methods were correct. Then we asked, ”In that case, would you agree that our results are correct?” The answer was, ”Well, I still cannot believe them”. It would have been simple to do validation experiments, but no one has done them. This situation continued for 4 to 5 years. Our research capability was not sufficient to convince everyone of our findings. Then we decided that such arguments would not lead to a conclusion, and that our research direction should be to use this theory to improve the functionality of all the substances. We have continued our research along this line until today.
What is the property of this gravity wave resonance? It is an ultra high frequency wave, stronger than X ray and possesses frequencies higher than gamma ray. However, this wave is a longitudinal wave, while conventional energy waves are horizontal waves. Its waveform is just like the way genes are folded inside a chromosome. This is an ultra high frequency wave. Usually, high frequency waves generate a tremendous amount of energy, such as the gamma ray. However, contrary to common knowledge, the gravity wave has very low energy, and is in fact in an ultra low energy state. When light, heat or color stimulation is added to this wave resonance, they are expected to be totally taken up by this ultra high frequency and ultra low energy state.
As you are all aware, black holes exist in the universe. A black hole gathers all the cosmic light and dust, which regenerates or integrates to form new planets. These planets are said to be generated from the white hole on the opposite side of the black hole. The fundamental element, or function, of a black hole has been said to be gravity wave. In other words, light in the universe is generated as a result of the degeneration of matters, a process of increasing entropy in the system. And, gravity wave has the power to gather all the substances with increasing entropy and bring them toward the direction of regeneration .
In fact, we have confirmed recently that the same phenomenon may be caused by EM. EM has the mysterious property that the more EM is used, the greater is the accumulation of its effects such as antioxidation, deionization and regeneration caused by gravity wave. Since the accumulation continues, as EM is repeatedly used, the results become better and better in later experiments compared to the initial experiments .
This also applies to the health of human beings. When we repeatedly apply the gravity wave resonance or spray antioxidant to equipment or machines (such as computers), the performance of the computer will be improved by about 25%. Even for cars, a car that ran 8 km per liter during the first year has the running distance increased by 1 to 2 km per liter every year, and on the fifth year, it is running at about 15 km per liter. Usually when a car gets old, the fuel efficiency also goes down. In the case of applying EM, the fuel efficiency increases as years go by. This is reverse entropy.

These phenomena cannot be explained by the conventional heat energy theories. From our various studies, we recognize a phenomenon that when the gravity wave becomes stronger, the released unused energy, in other words entropy, accumulates and this is converted back into available energy. Then, through this energy, substance is regenerated. Conversion of energy into material is a reversal of the entropy theory. Usually, when material degenerates, energy or light is generated In the case of EM, we see the phenomenon that energy is being accumulated and this energy restores .the material in its surrounding back to the normal or even to an enhanced state. Without this theoretical background, the increase in the mass of iron by EM treatment which I mentioned earlier cannot be explained. We are thinking continuously of how to apply the gravity wave possessed by EM in a practical way. I think this wave resonance is related to the many magical effects of EM that we have observed so far.
In fact, the effects of EM are by no means magical, but are all interrelated with antioxidation, deionization and gravity wave, and reflect the phenomenon of a reverse process of the conventional theory of entropy.
I have designated this phenomenon of regenerative reversal with a term opposite to entropy; “syntropy”, combining “syn” as in synthesis and “tropy” as in entropy.
Technology so far has been established based on the principle of increasing entropy. Looking at it from another perspective, the fact that entropy is increased means that free radicals are produced in large quantities. Conversely, syntropy is to accumulate free radicals and various forms of unused energy, turn them into available energy, and through this energy to make new substance and strengthen substance, resulting in regeneration and ultimately cleaning of the environment. This is the fundamental concept for EM.
I hope you would bear in mind these three points as background while you observe the phenomena brought about by EM.
Next, I would like to change the subject to talk about microorganisms. Our knowledge on microorganisms is very poor. According to common sense, all bacteria are killed at 100°C or by autoclaving. But, in fact, the bacteria that die at 100°C or 120°C are restricted to those bacteria that inhabit the surface of the earth where oxygen tension is high. This is probably a matter of fact. However, for the group of microorganisms including the photosynthetic bacteria that I mentioned above, microorganisms that convert strong energy of the electron pathway into electricity; in other words, archaebacteria (ancestral bacteria of microorganisms), and extreme microorganisms (microorganisms that exist in highly limited harsh habitat), they do not die at 100°C. We now know that many kinds of such microorganisms exist in nature. This year, the Japanese Institute of Physics and Chemistry presented the findings of microorganisms having an optimal growth temperature of 114°C. Incidentally, the usual boiling point is 99°C or 100°C . Yet reported this year were other microorganisms that proliferate at temperatures higher then the boiling point. Up to now, 8 types of microorganisms having optimal growth temperatures between 90°C and 93°C have been reported. Recent studies in America have suggested a concept that microorganisms can be found ubiquitously in the soil throughout a depth of 2 km from the surface of the earth.
In nature, there are mysterious stones such as the volcanic glasses, obsidian and tourmaline. Some stones generate electricity. These stones are hard and are fantastic minerals used by the early people as cutting tools. When we break these minerals, put them into various nutrients and subject them to X ray or ultraviolet ray, from these stones we isolate microorganisms that we have never seen or even dreamt of until now. It has been said that the harder the stone, the better quality water one may get by putting the stone in water. Even from these hard stones, microorganisms have been isolated, or imprints of microorganisms have been detected even when culture is not possible.
These findings confirm that it is not unusual to find microorganisms anywhere in the layer 2 km from the surface of the earth. Even at the depth of 10,000 m down the ocean floor, many microorganisms exist. Almost all these bacteria are fermentative microorganisms; and the majority is the same types as EM. In this sense, our understanding of microorganisms is greatly affected by the habitat; from the surface of the earth where oxygen exists to places where oxygen is absent. It is important that we keep this in mind.
The theme for today’s talk is the application of EM technology to medicine. You all have in your conference bags a copy of “Clinical and Basic Medical Research on EM-X: Collection of Research Paper, Volume 1”. This book contains a collection of all the scientific data on EM that has been available from the year before last to last year, as a means to provide you with the latest information on EM. When reviewing the results contained in this book, we do not consider EM-X alone, but also the three conditions that I have mentioned above; that is, antioxidation, deionization and gravity wave, as a basis of selection of all these papers. When you read these papers, I hope that you would consider the mechanisms not only from the antioxidation point of view, but also from the other aspects.
The objective of the first International EM Medical Conference, as indicated in the announce-ment, is about preventive medicine.
When we are already sick, the cost of treatment is high and in various senses we inconvenience a lot of people. Therefore, we should take various approaches to prevent the occurrence of diseases. There is a global situation that the cost of medical treatment is increasing to the extent that it is creating a financial crisis in various countries. When the State is not providing health security, then the individual burden will be very great indeed.
The measures taken to prevent diseases involve an area different from the scope of medicine we know of so far. WHO Association of Japan (Japanese association for the World Health Organization), one of the sponsoring organizations of this conference, kindly participates in this meeting because they support the concept of disease prevention rather than cure.
Naturally, our health is supported by the environment, water, food and air. Therefore, it is common sense that when these elements become polluted, we get sick. This pollution at global level should be tackled properly with EM.
Regarding EM medical information, although it is obvious that we have started off with curing diseases using EM-X, this strategy of curing diseases after they have manifested is only the second best measure. The best strategy is to apply preventive measures before getting sick. If we think seriously of human health, a total approach to prevent diseases should be established. Even for holistic medicine, the central concept is to take a holistic approach to cure diseases that have already occurred. But, that is not correct, a holistic approach should also consider how not to get sick.
For this reason, I published a book last year entitled “EM Medical Revolution”, as introduced before. An excerpt has been included in the collection of EM research papers. However, the main interest of the readers over this book “EM Medical Revolution” also centers on how to cure diseases. Once again the emphasis is put on the curative side, and EM is not being used as I have hoped. Because of this, it is important to increase the awareness starting from food and environment.
Therefore, in this International EM Medical Conference, we have invited you to join the International EM” Medical Conference including the EM technology as a whole.

The information that I am going to talk about today is not from the viewpoint of curing diseases with EM but what to do to prevent diseases. I shall summarize this in 6 points.
1. EM in agriculture
EM has the superior capability of being able to decompose dioxins, residual agricultural chemicals and pollutants in the soil, and the ability to clean the soil. However, it does not always work with only one application and may require multiple applications. Of course depending on the degree of pollution of the farm land, one application may be sufficient for decontamination, but, with repeated applications of EM, the crop is improved. In addition, agricultural products grown with EM have strong antioxidant activity and are tastier. The basic principle is to use EM thoroughly in agriculture to produce excellent agricultural products, that is, products with high antioxidant effect and high functional capability, and then to eat these products for health.
As I mentioned in my welcoming speech today, the food shortage problem in North Korea was completely solved in three years through using EM. In North Korea, EM is used in almost all the agricultural land, and all the agricultural products are EM crops. Recent data have shown that in these three years, the number of hospitalization has decreased and the number of patients has also been reduced significantly. These beneficial effects are probably because all the foods are derived from EM. The result is that agricultural chemicals or artificial fertilizers are hardly used there. Water and underground water is also almost free of pollution. We have started to solve the huge problem by linking environmental improvement with reduction of sick patients.
Recently in Japan, dietary therapy using EM grown vegetables and rice has been practiced in various facilities and groups, and has achieved great results. Especially, exceptional results have been obtained for diseases that are difficult to treat by contemporary medicine. The image of health care may be changed if EM agriculture would spread throughout Japan as in North Korea.
Recently in Japan, some people are growing EM at home using the rice-washing water with honey added, and use it various ways. They dilute the broth 500 times and use the water in pickling and washing vegetables or rice. By doing so, the wave resonance and antioxidant effect that EM possesses will eliminate harmful substances such as agricultural chemicals, or control the situations that generate free radicals. At the end of cooking, EM-X may be sprayed on the food. Using these methods, the harm from agricultural chemicals is almost completely eliminated and the food also becomes tastier. Health also improves to a high level. However, this method is only the second best strategy.
To incorporate the power of EM in daily life, we have added EM to salt as I mentioned earlier, and produced salt with a high EM wave resonance. We are presenting every participant in this conference a bottle of this salt to take home as souvenir. This salt has a good mineral balance. Even if you eat it as it is, you would not feel thirsty. If you use this salt for cooking or put this salt on food at the end of cooking, then the EM wave resonance increases. Food that has a negative score will turn to a wholesome state for the body. In short, eating this salt routinely is a prerequisite to maintain health.
In Japan, various opinions have been expressed. For example, someone might say that there is no need to take such measures if we are thankful for the food given to us and express our gratitude by saying ”thank you”. O-ring tests may prove that right, therefore express your gratitude before you eat. Well, that may also be correct. But, including this method, I think we should take various steps to make sure that the food we eat is sound.

2. Antibiotics
Huge amounts of antibiotics are being used in animal farming and fishery, resulting in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria worldwide. Although overuse of antibiotics in hospitals is also another factor, more antibiotics are being used routinely in animal husbandry.
Studies have been done to inject cows with EM-X in place of antibiotics. As a result, better yields are obtained even though antibiotics are not used at all. The cows grow well, and the meat has a full score of 21 points for wave resonance. This value means that eating this meat will also improve the health of human beings. Obviously this kind of meat is not available all over the country. However, with ordinary meat, we can also soak the meat in an EM broth that has been grown at home using rice-washing water, or rub EM salt into the meat, or spray EM-X on the meat, or store the meat in bags made with EM-X, then the meat that has a negative resonance score will become positive and change into a condition that is good to the body. While we try to establish farming methods that do not use antibiotics or other drugs and ensure its widespread and thorough use, at the same time we should take measures for those products not produced by the EM method and change these products into a good EM state and a good resonance state before we eat. This is a very important point.

3. Sick house syndrome and hypersensitivity to chemicals 
Sick house syndrome and hypersensitivity to chemicals are important problem nowadays.
Many people are developing hypersensitivity to the carpet, paint and various chemical substances used in buildings. This has adverse effects on the nerve and the whole body, leaving the subjects always in a state of poor health. To overcome this problem, the rooms may be sprayed with EM-1, EM-X or ceramic powder once a week. And, clothes may also be washed with EM. By taking these measures, hypersensitivity to chemicals can be solved. For several years now, we have received many reports of patients who overcome this hypersensitivity by applying EM technology. In other words, it is a must to keep our own home in an exclusively antioxidant state and maintain a high field of gravity wave. If we do not take these steps to improve our living environment but only depend on taking drugs or EM-X, then we are choosing a less effective approach. The point is to conduct EM treatment for all the tools, including the clothes we use everyday.
In Japan, two contractors are selling houses that protect against diseases. In these houses, cement and all the building materials are totally treated with EM-X, EM or EM ceramics. Sure enough, foods placed in these houses do not rot easily. In a family where family members visited the hospital once a month in the past, now no one needs to go to hospital at all. Now there are more than 200 such houses, and they are increasing in popularity in Aichi Prefecture. By using EM in the house, the house itself also lasts longer. I think the durability will increase by about two-fold. We have received many reports that the people living in such houses actually become healthier. We shall collect these data and report them to you at a later date.

4. Legionella and Cryptosporidium
Legionella and Cryptosporidium are examples of parasites and microorganisms that are resistant to ordinary disinfectants. In fact the anthrax bacilli also belong to this group. By thoroughly using EM in the environment, these pathogens can be controlled. By using EM in mains water treatment, or by passing the chlorinated water through EM ceramics before it is used, the growth of these pathogens can be suppressed. The idea is to create a condition in which pathogens that generate freeradicals do not proliferate. This principle is also applied to tap water. Currently, some municipalities are formulating health-building plans by treating water with EM and passing water through EM ceramics before the water reaches the tap.

5. Food processing
The fifth point is food processing. We routinely process various kinds of food. By using EM-X instead of preservatives and additives or attaching EM ceramics to containers during food processing, foods showing negative resonance scores will turn to positive scores. These methods are necessary when food has to be kept for a long time. In fact, when these treatments are continued, foods that have been kept for a longer time become more beneficial to health compared to the beginning of treatment. They are changed to processed foods that are good for health. Together with solving the food problem, these methods will solve various issues of food processing and at the same time changing ordinary foods into foods with functional capacity and health benefits. I hope that you recognize the potential for development even in this area.

6. EM-X ceramics 
Using a plastic bottle impregnated with EM-X ceramics, even chlorinated tap water turns into tasty and good-quality water. EM-X ceramics can be incorporated into tables, all plastic wares, even clothes, and earthen pot or cooking utensils with enameled surfaces. When these utensils are used for cooking, harmful substances are almost totally eliminated. In the Festa P Hall, many such products are now on display. Even without these utensils, just placing EM-X ceramics into the pot during cooking makes a great difference.
While it is very important to consider curing diseases clinically, in reality it is more important to consider disease prevention. Before diseases develop, if everyone would understand and implement the measures I have mentioned above, we shall be heading for a disease-free world, in other words, a true medical revolution. In anticipation of attaining this goal, I shall end my keynote speech here. Thank you for your attention.

#117 The 1st EM Produce Growers’ Networking Conference

On March 22nd and 23rd, with the cooperation of International Nature Farming Research Center, EM Laboratory, Co., Ltd., Eco Pure (Web Ecopure), EM Life Co., Ltd., EM JAPAN Inc., and EM Research Organization, Inc., the “1st EM Produce Growers’ Networking Conference” was held at the EM Wellness Resort Costa Vista Okinawa.
First, there was an explanation on the present conditions of each participant, presentations on representative cases from Hokkaido and Okinawa, and reports on the latest information etc., from affiliated organizations.

With the upcoming Tokyo Olympics, it is necessary to promote EM technology fully on this occasion, focusing not only on food safety and functionality, but in order to enrich the ecosystem and actively protect biodiversity. This networking conference was planned with this in mind, and included more than 40 observers in addition to the 56 participants.

In the 35 years since the introduction of EM, it was first used as a material for promoting organic agriculture, and then the combined effects of these technologies were utilized in various other fields. Most recently it was put to practical use in eliminating radioactivity in Fukushima, which clearly proved the atomic conversion power of EM.

After the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011, many volunteers responded to the devastating accident at the Tokyo Electric Power Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and the unbelievably powerful tsunami, and we achieved great results in measures taken to deal with sanitation and salt damage in the affected area. At the same time, the various effects on radioactivity obtained by using EM in collaborative research with the National Radiobiological Institute of Belarus after the Chernobyl nuclear accident, were also reconfirmed in Fukushima.

Needless to say, the promise of EM technology to society is to produce safe, pleasing, high quality goods at low cost, a positive, sustainable cycle of advanced information, and co-existence and co-prosperity, a society, in short, with a high degree of happiness. To realize this we must solve the problems of food, the environment, medical health, and energy resources, which are the century-long issues facing mankind, in line with that commitment.

As an extension of conventional technology, these difficult problems, which were thought insoluble, will be possible in light of the results of EM technology. In order to make this a reality, solutions of different dimensions have appeared through more effectively applying the results obtained from Fukushima’s measures against radiation contamination.

In other words, this is the application of the atomic conversion force of EM. EM always carries the inevitability of history. EM was born because of the strong desire to solve the devastating poverty that occurred after Okinawa was burned to the ground in World War II. Moreover, multiple anaerobic fermentation synthesis type microorganisms activate existing microorganisms in the soil, forming a biome of fermentation synthesis type microorganisms, realizing high yield, high quality crops and enabling the use of Nature Farming and organic farming.

The Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition came to a consensus decision to deny these results. Being denied at the level of academic societies is equivalent to the end of one’s academic career. However, with the international spread of EM, the view of the Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition was completely denied by the detailed experimental results of the International Horticultural Society. (Please see DND #101, December 2015.) As the research on microbiomes has progressed, EM’s view has been shown to be wholly correct, but apart from that, EM once again became viewed as representing pseudoscience after 1997, after we announced that it is effective in countermeasures against radioactive contamination.

Fourteen years after that, the unfortunate accident of the nuclear power plant occurred in Fukushima, and radiation contamination spread over a large area. The EM Research Organization, Inc. conducted a radioactivity reduction test by spraying EM at a blueberry farm in lidate village two months later and confirmed that the contamination of 25,000 Bq was reduced by 80% in two months. Based on these results, with the support of many volunteers, we have promoted numerous radioactive contamination countermeasure projects.

The results have also been frequently disseminated in this journal and DND, and as a result of the examination by a third-party research institution, we have verified that radioactive cesium definitely disappears.

In order to further strengthen this incredible function of EM, it was revealed through more aggressive utilization of salt and charcoal that EM not only has an atomic conversion function for radioactivity, but also that by using EM with salt and charcoal it exhibits various atomic conversion functions.

There are many reports regarding atomic conversion by microorganisms, including that of Corentin Louis Kervran in France. Therefore, some say that such effects of EM are not a particularly noteworthy new discovery, which is certainly the case. However, EM has unprecedented applicability since though culturing it, we can utilize its principles everywhere in the world, something no one could realize in the past.

It is no exaggeration to say if there were no accident at the nuclear power plant in Fukushima, it is inevitable that I would be viewed for generations to come as a dishonorable pseudo scientist, and that the accident has proven how amazing EM really is. The EM Produce Growers’ Networking Conference this time was held in order to make stakeholders better understand the essence of EM, and realize that indeed “agriculture is the foundation of the country”.

Establishment of farming methods that anyone can do easily, anywhere

As the world gets more confused and anxious, we finally realize that the idea of self-sufficient agriculture should be the starting point as a way of living. Although this is true, the severity of nature far exceeds that of laymen’s thinking, and as a result pesticides and chemical fertilizers were inevitably developed and became the power to sustain the increasing world population. However, we are suffering from a self-defeating paradox.

EM has already provided the answer to that problem, but the application up until now has basically involved the circulation of proliferative natural resources. The 2011 East Japan Great Earthquake started a new challenge for EM and the aspect of “application of atomic transformation by EM,” regarded until now as a forbidden area, has opened up.

If you continue to use EM in soil that is deficient in phosphoric acid and trace elements, after a few harvests, crops will grow normally even in salt-damaged soil, and there are numerous examples where dioxin and other difficult-to-decompose chemicals have disappeared, and various heavy metals have been rendered harmless or have markedly decreased. However, there was lack of circumstantial evidence to claim “atomic transformation by EM”.

As measures against radiation contamination in Fukushima have progressed, circumstantial evidence has reached convincing levels, and we have been preparing to bring this technology to the world for several years. In other words, we decided not to directly prove “atomic conversion by EM”, but to foreground the reality that “atomic conversion by EM is happening”.

In other words, it is a way to raise the “atomic conversion power of EM” by utilizing salt and charcoal, which are already widely used. As a result of numerous cases, the trend is not to compromise by using conventional agricultural methods, but to use it to fundamentally change the style of agriculture.Basically, charcoal has the function of collecting electrons, and salt has the strong power to carry electrons (ions). Because of the effect of both of these, the degree of concentration of electrons becomes remarkably high, so microorganisms with atomic conversion ability centered on EM can easily obtain the energy necessary for nuclear fusion reaction. If you continue to employ this and keep using fields without letting them lie fallow, you do not need special skills, and even beginners will be able to achieve limit-breaking agriculture in a very short time.

Salt becomes a herbicide, a soil conditioner, and fertilizer as well as a pest control agent

Spraying salt herbicide

In general, cheap salt that is commercially available in the domestic market costs about 1,300 yen per 25Kg, but for salt used to melt snow (click here for any inquiries) can be obtained for 20,000-30,000 yen a ton. In general, it will be natural salt or seawater salt with a lot of minerals, but it doesn’t matter what kind of salt you use if using it in a field.

For fields that are overgrown like a jungle, make a solution with a high salt concentration of 25 to 30% and spray it so that it gently adheres to the whole plant using a backpack sprayer, etc. If you spray again after 4 to 7 days most weeds will die, but if they still do not wither, repeat thorough spraying a couple of times so as not to leave any weeds. If it is done on a small scale, sprinkle water on the plant, and spray it so that salt adheres on it, and repeat until the weeds completely die.

As a result, it is possible to completely control pests and harmful small animals in the environment. Leave the dead leaves as they are, then immediately apply 200 to 300 liters of seawater cultured activated EM solution per 10 a. There is no need to cultivate the soil, and be sure to leave paths through the fields to make it easier to work.

Spread 100 to 200 kg of salt per 10ares in the part to plant. With soil with little ground force you can apply 300 to 400 kg of salt per 10ares. Further, apply 200 to 300 liters of activated EM solution over the soil. If there is over 10mm of rain, or if irrigation is done, the soil will become soft and porous, and planting will be possible in around 10 days. The more moisture, the more the soil improvement and fertilizer effects are promoted.

Plants will grow very well planted by digging lightly with a hoe in spots, that is, the old primitive slash-and-burn method of agriculture. If there is an obvious shortage of fertilizer, put salt (see photo) at a distance of 10 cm or more away from the plant foot. 50 to 100 kg per 10ares is a guide general guide.

For pest control, a 1:20-30 seawater cultured activated EM solution is sprayed once or twice a week, but if it is still difficult to control them, spray a 1:10 solution. After harvesting, plant the next seedlings immediately in the open places, or sow the seeds and make it continuous cultivation. Harvest residue and organic matter generated inside and outside fields are used on the surface of the soil as mulch. When irrigating, apply a 1:50-100 seawater cultured activated EM solution.

If you use too much salt (withering or yellowing), apply 5 to 10 liters per 1㎡ of a 1:500 seawater cultured activated solution. When allowing the field to lie fallow after the harvest, return as much organic matter as possible to the soil, spread 100 to 200 kg of salt per 10ares and spray 200 to 300 liters of activated EM solution and prepare for the next planting. With this method, it is easy to completely control pests and weeds.

*It is preferable that the seawater cultured activated EM solution for weeding is a stock solution. If it is used over a wide area, and it is difficult to use stock solution, it should be applied at a 50-fold dilution.

*The last activated solution to be used may be a seawater cultured activated EM solution. Traditional activated EM solution, ordinarily cultured in water, may also be used. (Additional notes found on 6/23/2017)

Additional spot fertilizing using salt

One week after the additional spot fertilizing using salt

Komatsuna raised with only 70kg of salt per 10ares

For kitchen waste, human excrement, excreta of livestock, etc. add about 3% salt, and add activated EM solution to come to 1%.

Organic matter plays an important role in the growth of microorganisms. In the conventional way, it is necessary to make compost and let it mature, which requires much labor and time, and produces various hygiene issues such as odor, parasites, flies, cockroaches and so on. By treating with EM and salt as indicated, odor, pests and harmful microorganisms can be completely suppressed in a day, or in a few hours, if the conditions are right.

After the odor disappears the organic matter can be applied over the surface of the field 5 to 7 days before planting. If it is liquid, use 10 tons per 10ares, 3 to 4 tons if it is solid, it will produce amazing crops no matter how poor the soil is.

In this case, 30 kg of salt is contained in 1 ton, so you do not need to add salt again. In addition to sludge, when treating all putrefactive organic matter in this way,
it quickly becomes highly functional organic fertilizer.

EM mudballs made with charcoal and salt rectify energy in the soil.

When you use charcoal, any kind of charcoal can be used, including rice husk charcoal. If you want to enhance the rectification effect and further enhance the possibility of soil energy, I recommend that you use the high performance charcoal setting with the Smokeless Carbonizer and EM gravitron rectification sticker that I introduced in #115 of this series. Setting a EM gravitron rectification sticker to the Smokeless Carbonizer you can make charcoal as well as completely burn all kinds of organic matter, making it possible to produce highly functional rectified ash with high mineral content, so things that cannot be applied directly onto the fields can be utilized as charcoal or ash.

Making EM mudballs for rectification in the soil, mix charcoal, soil and salt equally and add the stock solution of seawater cultured activated EM solution. They will be effective even if you use them immediately, so there is no need to insist on drying them, but they will be easier to handle after they dry.

You can first bury those EM mudballs in the four corners of the field and both ends of the ridge at a depth of 20 to 30 cm. If possible, it is more effective if you bury one EM mudball in each 3 to 5 square meter square space. In the case of a large area, dig a hole of 30 to 50 cm deep with a hole digger and insert 1 kg or more of the mixed material without making EM mudballs into one hole and embed it.

As I introduced in #116 of this series, when utilizing this technology mainly for local governments for regional revitalization, we can solve garbage problems at the same time by utilizing the Versatile Carbonization Equipment.

Papaya field in which 400kg of salt per 10ares was applied. (Papaya are the weakest type of fruit trees.)

Expansion of leaves in a papaya field

Scallions to which 200kg of salt per 10ares was applied

I briefly introduced the technique of combining salt and charcoal with EM, but the most important thing with this method is the appearance of a cumulative overlap effect with quantum entanglement, which is characteristic of quantum mechanical function. Although I explained quite roughly and boldly that one should just use EM until it works, or use EM thinking of it like it’s God, as a result of numerous countermeasures against radioactive contamination in Fukushima, I speculate that EM has created a quantum state and is conducting atomic transformation.

In other words, everything is entangled and influences each other by qubits. If they are positive, it will be healthy and revitalized. If they are negative, it means to accelerate the reverse.

In quantum mechanisms, the premise is that all origins are in particles and waves, and both have a layered structure that cannot be measured at the same time. There are various discontinuous quantum units that can change to anything.

If you continue to use EM, there is a recognizable phenomenon in which such a quantum state appears as a cumulative effect. That is, EM creates an environment in which it superimposes the effect like a transformer and one can only say that it is guiding the rectifying power of the electrons to the level of coherence (quantum beat). Until now, agriculture has been a system where everything is at zero or negative when the harvest is over. Therefore, we plow the soil again, improve the soil and repeatedly apply fertilizer. In a sense, such a method can be said to destroy the overlapping effects of EM.

If you do No-till farming, adequately manage water, and use salt and charcoal to increase the quantum level of the soil, it is no exaggeration to say
that the soil will become fertile by itself even if you do not give it any fertilizing elements. Such agriculture is not only safe, pleasant, low cost, and high yield, but also makes producers healthier through working, consumers’ health is protected, soil, air and water are purified, increasing the number of good bacteria in the environment, purifying rivers and lakes and ocean, enriching ecosystems, and directly protecting biodiversity. As a result, we considerably enrich natural resources, and at the same time solve most of the problems facing the nation.

In this way, all organic waste in the city, such as plastics, tires, rubber, and clothes, can all be carbonized at ultra low cost, and it is easy to turn them into a highly functional soil improvement material. Also, because it can be utilized on any large-scale farm, most of food and environmental problems will be resolved at the same time. Besides, it is also possible to reduce the huge amount of energy utilized in agriculture (the energy to produce fertilizer and pesticides, and the energy used by agricultural machines) to less than 1/10 of the current level, resulting in a true agricultural revolution.

Bananas to which 200kg of salt per 10ares was applied

Flower bed in which 100kg of salt per 10ares was applied. (It has been growing healthily even after 5 months.)

BRON: https://emrojapan.com/living/114


Meedoen aan de Wereldwijde EM Bokashi ballen actie 8 augustus 2018?

Wereldwijde EM Bokashi ballen actie
8 augustus 2018

Elk jaar op 8 augustus is het Wereld EM Bokashi kleiballen dag. Over de gehele wereld worden dan in tientallen landen vele duizenden EM Bokashi kleiballen in vervuild water gegooid om het water te zuiveren, slib te verminderen en chemische vervuiling te neutraliseren.

Bokashi kleiballen dag 2017
Vorig jaar hebben we samen met EMwinkel.nl een oproep geplaatst voor initiatiefnemers om mee te doen. Het resultaat: ruim 400 ballen verspreid over 8 plekken in de Nederlandse wateren!
In het verslag over de EM Bokashi kleiballen dag of Dango-Tag 2017 in het EM Journal van de Duitse EM-Vereniging staat dat er in de volgende Europese landen volop is gegooid: Duitsland (881 ballen), Polen (ruim 5000 ballen), Kroatie (1200 ballen) en Montenegro (150 ballen). Het Duitse verslag met leuke foto’s en EM Bokashi kleiballen recept is hier te lezen: https://www.emvereniging.nl/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/EM-Journal-62-november-2017.pdf

Dit jaar willen we ook weer helpen!
Ook dit jaar willen we Moeder Aarde helpen met EM Bokashi Kleiballen. Kleinschalig of grootschalig: elke EM Bokashi Kleibal is een geschenk aan de natuur 🙂 Doet u ook mee?

“Ik wil hier ook aan meedoen!”
Heeft u in uw omgeving ook last van blauwalg? In een vijver, sloot of plas of meer? Water waar ‘s zomers de blauwalg telkens weer de kop op steekt?
Dan is een EM Bokashi Ballen dag organiseren -met straat, wijk of woonplaats- een mooie gelegenheid om zelf mee te doen aan dit wereldwijde probleem. Met de ​​EM Bokashi Ballen helpt u de natuur om zichzelf (blijvend) schoon te maken. De positieve micro-organismen in de EM Bokashi Ballen werken met zijn allen samen om het (bodem/water)-leven weer positief te krijgen*.


Meedoen – op kleine schaal
Door kant- en klare EM Bokashi Ballen te bestellen en ze in naburige slootjes, vijvertjes, parkmeertjes te gooien.

Meedoen – op grote(re) schaal?
Vooral bij lokale meertjes, plassen en recreatiegebieden is er door blauwalg beperking tot recreëren en is het zelfs gevaarlijk te vertoeven. Een burgerinitiatief starten om met vrijwilligers EM bokashi ballen in het water te gooien is een prachtige manier om met de buurt, dorp of stad bij te dragen aan schone en gezonde wateren in uw leefomgeving.
U kunt bijvoorbeeld de EM Bokashi Ballen klei bestellen, gezamenlijk EM Bokashi Ballen maken en verspreiden in uw water. Na het maken van de EM Bokashi Ballen is het van belang dat de ballen ongeveer 6 weken “drogen” (kolonialisatie van de EM micro-organismen), voordat zij het water in kunnen. Dus als dit initiatief u aanspreekt, en u zou ze ook willen gooien op 8 augustus (over 2 maanden) dan is er voor het maken van de kleiballen enige haast geboden :-). Maar u kunt het natuurlijk ook op een ander moment organiseren. Of de bokashiballen kant en klaar bestellen.

Een échte oplossing
De toepassing van EM Bokashi Ballen is in alle opzichten een win-win oplossing, een oplossing van deze tijd:
Een simpele doe-het-zelf oplossing: eens per jaar maak je EM Bokashi Ballen en gooi je ze gezamenlijk in vervuild water. Meer niet. Geen ingewikkelde technologiën en/of installaties (die vaak slechts symptoombestrijdend blijken te zijn).
Een milieuvriendelijke oplossing: er komen alleen natuurlijke middelen aan te pas: regeneratieve micro-organismen, klei, melasse, zemelen en blije mensen.
Een permanente oplossing: met de EM Bokashi Ballen wordt het water weer gezond en is er alleen een jaarlijkse onderhoudsbeurt nodig van een beperkt aantal Bokashi ballen. Dit staat tegenover de niet-permanente oplossingen van gemeentes en rijksoverheid.
Een gezonde oplossing: door het gebruik van EM krijgt het water zijn oorspronkelijke balans weer terug, een balans waar alle oorspronkelijk leven weer floreert. Zelfs ‘vergeten’ dieren en planten verschijnen op deze plekken!
Een goedkope oplossing: kijkend naar onze blauwalg actie in Almere (zie onderaan de nieuwsbrief), waar de EM Bokashi Ballen oplossing een begroting had van € 4.300 tegenover (ingewikkelde) gemeente ‘oplossingen’ met begrotingen van meer dan € 400.000!


De werking van EM en Bokashi ballen
EM Bokashi Ballen bevatten het sleutelingrediënt EM. EM is de afkorting voor Effectieve Micro-organismen. EM is een groep van 80 verschillende soorten effectieve micro-organismen. Elk van deze Effectieve Micro-organismen heeft specifieke taken en ze bevorderen bovendien elkaars werking. Deze micro-organismen worden verzameld in de vrije natuur; zijn niet gemodificeerd of gemanipuleerd en worden op een natuurlijke wijze gekweekt. EM is dus puur natuur uit de natuur.
De werking van EM is gebaseerd op het zogenaamde dominantieprincipe. Van alle micro-organismen is 5% regeneratief (opbouwend, effectief, positief) en 5% is degeneratief (afbrekend, schadelijk, rotting veroorzakend). De overige 90% zijn volgelingen en volgen de leider. EM behoort tot de regeneratieve groep. Dus wanneer de opbouwende micro-organismen het sterkst vertegenwoordigd zijn krijg je een positief effect (vruchtbare grond, schoon, levend water, gezonde dieren en mensen), want 95% van de micro-organismen werken dan opbouwend en de 5% schadelijke micro-organismen kunnen niet groeien. Maar tegengesteld als de afbrekende micro-organismen de overhand hebben dan krijg je verrottingsprocessen.
De EM Bokashi ballen bevatten naast EM: klei, rietsuikermelasse en gefermenteerde zemelen die een voedingsbodem zijn voor de EM micro-organismen. Doordat de EM Bokashi Ballen worden verspreid op de bodem van het meer, de plas, de vijver verspreiden de micro-organismen zich in de klei en het slib van de bodem en vestigen zich daar permanent. Door de aanwezigheid van de micro-organismen is er geen ruimte meer voor bijvoorbeeld blauwalg om daar te groeien, omdat het voedsel wordt voor de positieve micro-organismen (een beetje EM spuiten zorgt al binnen 1 dag dat de stank van de blauwalg verdwijnt!). Dit proces veroorzaakt geen stank en neutraliseert alle negatieve effecten van de blauwalg.

Elk jaar dienen er weer wat EM Bokashi Ballen bij te worden gegooid om de populatie positieve micro-organismen gezond en sterk te houden.


Wanneer de EM Bokashi Ballen in het water zijn gegooid, verspreidt zich rondom de ballen op de bodem het positieve micro-leven; dit verspreidt zich weer over het water waardoor het water zich herstelt. In Japan is op deze manier met EM zelfs al een hele zee schoongemaakt! Een zee die in open verbinding staat met de oceaan!

Wat is er mooier dan met een gezamenlijke, lokale actie ervoor te kunnen zorgen dat onze kinderen en huisdieren deze zomer gewoon kunnen zwemmen, in plaats van afgesloten vijvers of plassen te zien met waarschuwingsborden voor de giftige blauwalg.
Hoe kan ik meedoen?
Spreekt het u aan om in uw woonplaats ook een dergelijke actie te houden, neem dan a.u.b. contact met ons op. Wij kunnen u dan verder informeren en steunen bij uw initiatief.

EM Bokashi kleiblok & losse EM Bokashi ballen voor een initiatiefprijs
De EMwinkel ondersteunt initiatieven voor de 8 augustus actie door EM Bokashi kleiblokken of losse EM Bokashi ballen voor een ‘initiatief’-prijs aan te bieden. Met elk blok kunnen bijna 100 kleiballen gekneed worden. Voor deze aanbieding kunt u een mail sturen aan info@emvereniging.nl

Zelf EM Bokashi ballen maken
Voor de echte doe-het-zelfers en makers onder ons, hieronder een EM Bokashi Kleiballen recept voor 2000 ballen:

  • 250 kg kleimineralen
  • 125 kg bokashi strooisel
  • 3 kg em-x keramiekpoeder
  • 10 liter rietsuikermelasse
  • 20 liter microferm
  • (vijver)water

In de link van het Duitse EM Journal vindt u ook recept voor EM Bokashi Kleiballen of “Dangos”: https://www.emvereniging.nl/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/EM-Journal-62-november-2017.pdf

Let wel op dat de ballen 6 weken moeten rijpen voor optimale werking!

Bokashi kleiballen dag & EM Vereniging Nederland
Zoals het echte EM-pioniers betaamt is de EM Vereniging al in de zomer van 2006 gestart met een grote EM Bokashi kleiballen actie. Dit was om het blauwalg probleem in de haven van Almere aan te pakken. Door de blauwalg was de stank in de haven onhoudbaar, inwoners en toeristen op de terrasjes werden onpasselijk, er gold een zwemverbod en meerdere honden waren door het drinken van water met blauwalg overleden.

Met EM wilden wij het water op een natuurlijke manier en structureel weer gezond maken en natuurlijk stankvrij. Met steun van alle ondernemers uit de havenkom en velen uit het winkelcentrum erachter, is een burgerinitiatief gestart. Op een feestelijke dag hebben we bij de zeilvereniging aan de havenkom met meer dan 50 vrijwilligers 12.000 bokashi-ballen gekneed. Ondernemers ondersteunden dit initiatief door mee te kneden, broodjes en chocolademelk te verzorgen, schorten aan te bieden etc (zie de foto’s hierboven). Het idee was om deze kleiballen tijdens de Sinterklaas intocht door kinderen in de haven te laten gooien. Helaas hebben zowel de gemeente Almere, als Rijkswaterstaat en de universiteit van Wageningen er alles aan gedaan om dit initiatief tegen te houden, zelfs met oneigenlijke middelen. Een blijvende smet op deze organisaties. Maar ook al waren er toen sterke onwelwillende partijen, mede door ons initiatief is er een wereldwijde beweging op poten gezet. Sinds 8-8-2009 wordt jaarlijks op 8 augustus over de gehele wereld de “EM Mudball day” georganiseerd!

EM magazine 19 is er!

      Geen reacties op EM magazine 19 is er!

EM magazine 19 is van de persen gerold!

Deze ‘bijenspecial’ is maar liefst 60 blz dik en staat weer boordevol inspirerende prachtige artikelen, o.a.:

  • bijenspecial: bijen voor dummies
  • bijenspecial: de bijen-verdwijnziekte of CCD
  • bijenspecial: hoe EM de bijensterfte kan tegengaan
  • Thuis in Tokyo Bay, EM herstelt een verloren heimat
  • Gezond zout, alles wat je wilt weten over EM-zout
  • Patronen van energie, de extreme efficiëntie van biodiversiteit

Voor wie nog geen abonnee is:
Een abonnement bedraagt 20 euro (25 euro buiten de Benelux)
en is tevens steunend. Geldig voor een volledig jaar vanaf inschrijvingsdatum.
Gelieve bij overschrijving naam en adres van de abonnee te vermelden!

VDK BANK IBAN: BE71 8916 9402 1569 BIC: VDSPBE91

​​​​​​​Alvast bedankt voor jullie steun door abonnee te zijn (of te worden).

Voorproefje? Losse nummers zijn te bestellen bij EMwinkel.nl: https://www.emwinkel.nl/product/em-magazine-no-19/


De bokashi-keten als natuurlijke verbinding tussen land en stad

Van maaisel uit de buurt de meststof bokashi maken en die toepassen op de bodem van zijn bedrijf. Dat was het idee van Jeroen van der Kooij van biologische rundveehouderij Rust-Hoff in Maasland. Nu gaat hij een volgende stap zetten: mensen uit de stad en uit de regio aan zijn bedrijf en de natuur verbinden door het opzetten van een keten voor bokashi.

Bokashi is een vorm van fermenteren van organisch materiaal. Het organisch materiaal wordt samen met klei en enzymen luchtdicht verpakt. Tijdens dat proces komen geen CO­2 of andere gassen vrij, in tegenstelling tot composteren. Gemeenten, Natuurmonumenten, Staatsbosbeheer en het Waterschap gaan maaisel aanleveren van gebieden uit de directe omgeving van de boerderij. Jeroen van der Kooij maakt er bokashi van, die weer gebruikt wordt in de regio. Als meststof op het land, maar ook in het openbaar groen van omliggende steden, in volkstuinen en in particuliere tuinen. Daarbij gaat hij ook maatschappelijke meerwaarde creëren.

Bokashi (Bron: Sabine van Rooij)

Door mensen uit stad en land te betrekken in de bokashi-keten worden ze zich bewust van de natuurlijke kringloop en kunnen ze er actief aan bijdragen. Ook gaat hij kwetsbare mensen in de samenleving de mogelijkheid bieden om mee te werken in de bokashi-keten. Het innovatienetwerk ‘Midden IN Delfland’ ondersteunt hem om zijn idee ten uitvoer te brengen. Sabine van Rooij van Wageningen Environmental Research (WENR) begeleidt hem daarbij.

Behoefte aan milieuvriendelijke mest

Jeroen is al jaren kringloopboer, weidevogelboer en beheerder van een deel van het vogelreservaat in de Aalkeet-Buitenpolder. Hij maakt bokashi van de mest van zijn koeien en maaisel uit natuurgebieden. Hij hoopt daarmee de bodemkwaliteit te verhogen en de weidevogels een handje te helpen. Door het maken van bokashi bouwt hij contacten op met mensen die organisch materiaal over hebben, zelf bokashi maken, of juist milieuvriendelijke mest nodig hebben, zoals natuurbeheerders, groenbeheerders, stadstuinders en stedelingen. Hij heeft subsidie gekregen om zijn stal zo aan te passen dat hij de mest makkelijk kan verzamelen voor het maken van bokashi. En hij heeft een groepje mensen om zich heen verzameld voor het opzetten van een ‘maatschappelijke bokashi-keten’. Van Rooij: “we zoeken nog partijen in de regio die zich willen aansluiten. Met name ook afnemers van de lokaal geproduceerde bokashi.”

Jeroen van der Kooij bij zijn eerste bokashi-proefhoop (Bron: Fabiënne van Grunsven)

Nog weinig gegevens

Voorstanders roemen bokashi als goed voor de bodem en het bodemleven. Er is echter nog zeer weinig onderzoek gedaan naar de effecten van bokashi. “We zouden dit experiment graag met onderzoek versterken”, zegt Sabine van Rooij van WENR. Her en der in het land worden boeren enthousiast en gaan zelf aan de slag met het maken van bokashi, maar er zijn weinig gegevens die de ervaringen van boeren kunnen onderbouwen, laat staan dat de uitkomsten bij de diverse boeren kunnen worden vergeleken. “Graag zou ik met bodemkundigen en studenten kijken of het echt voordeel heeft voor bodem en biodiversiteit.” Het project Midden IN Delfland heeft wel financiering voor begeleiding van de experimenten, maar niet voor onderzoek.

Jeroen van der Kooij doet overigens ook mee met de experimenten ‘Mobiele Zuivelinstallatie’ en ‘Honey Highway’. In het kader van dat laatste experiment heeft hij bloemen gezaaid ten bate van bestuivers.

Midden IN Delfland is een initiatief van de gemeente Midden-Delfland, Provincie Zuid-Holland en Integrale Ontwikkeling tussen Delft en Schiedam. Het netwerk is in 2017 opgestart om de landbouw en het landschap van Midden-Delfland duurzamer te maken en de stad-landrelatie te versterken. Boeren en stedelingen worden uitgedaagd om samen experimenten op te zetten om duurzame vernieuwingen uit te proberen en leerervaringen te delen. Een van de inmiddels 14 experimenten is het experiment met de lokale bokashi-keten.

Tekst: Judith Westerink en Sabine van Rooij, WENR en Midden IN Delfland
Foto’s: Fabiënne van Grunsven, Imagro; Sabine van Rooij

Onze bron: https://www.emnatuurlijkactief.nl/de-bokashi-keten-als-natuurlijke-verbinding-tussen-land-en-stad/

There Is a Whole World Inside Every Plant

Plants have microbiomes, too, and they’re full of untapped secrets.

osy Busby in a cottonwood garden in Corvallis, Oregon. LYNN KETCHUM/OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

IN CORVALLIS, OREGON, POSY BUSBY works in a garden planted with 3,000 black cottonwood trees that represent 1,000 unique genetic specimens, each originally found somewhere on the West Coast of North America, from California to Canada. Cottonwoods are some of the fastest-growing trees in the world, and the garden looks a lot like a timber company plantation. But Busby, an ecologist at Oregon State University, studies something on a much smaller scale than trees—the microbes that live inside their leaves.

Busby started paying attention to microbes because she wanted to understand why wild plants plagued by a disease, such as leaf rust, fall ill in one place and not another. Genetics and environment could explain only part of this puzzle. But inside a plant is a whole world of microorganisms, and some of the cottonwoods’ resident microbes seemed to have an impact on the severity of the leaf rust.

Black cottonwood trees in Oregon. TOM BRANDT/CC BY 2.0

At first Busby thought of these bacteria and fungi as individuals that could be either troublesome or beneficial to the plants, like the fungus that causes leaf rust. But as she read up on the human microbiome, she realized that the microbial communities within plants were as complex as those within us. “We’re really dealing with the same thing,” she says.

Scientists have known for centuries that soil is packed with microscopic organisms and, since the late 1800s, that some plants form symbiotic relationships with fungi. But now they are finding that microorganisms live not just around but inside plants—in their roots, stems, and leaves—in greater numbers and with more diversity than anyone realized.

Busby’s cottonwood trees, for instance, were known to have a handful of microbial pathogens. “But when we looked at the overall diversity of the fungi in the leaves, it was more like a thousand or 1,500 different fungi living in and on these leaves,” across the tree’s range, she says. “So that was an astounding number.”

Just as we have learned that the human microbiome has a greater influence on human health than anyone imagined, there’s an emerging understanding that the plant microbiome could be the key to floral health. One initial goal of exploring the plant microbiome has been to determine who’s part of this community and what they’re doing for the plant. The answer, it turns out, depends on location. If you’re a plant, the place you live changes the ecosystem inside you, and that can affect your whole life.


“The plant’s microbiome is strongly determined by where that plant is growing,” Busby says. “It matters whether you’re on one side of the mountains or the other. It even matters if you’re 30 miles a way.” As an example, about an hour north of Corvallis, there’s another scientific garden of cottonwood trees, and, Busby says, “we see very different communities form in those two different places.”

No one knew much about the microorganisms that colonize plants’ external surfaces—and internal tissues—until the arrival of relatively cheap DNA sequencing. A single cottonwood leaf, for instance, might have 50 species of fungi and bacteria living inside. Roots and leaves in the same plant can have notably different microbial communities, but for any particular plant species, there are certain types of microorganisms that make up the community’s core. But across a plant’s range, this can vary greatly.

Some of the best-known mushrooms in the world are the fruits of mycorrhizal fungi, which grow in association with plant roots. When people raised in Europe or in the eastern half of America traveled west, they thought the mushrooms they found were the same as the ones they already knew. But now we understand that they’re different species. “You find very regionally distinct communities of mycorrhizal fungi depending on where you are,” says Kabir Peay, an assistant professor of biology at Stanford. These fungi, by the way, live both inside and outside a plant. They have filaments that reach out into the soil to fetch nutrients, but they also form what Peay calls “these really intimate structures, where they come in close proximity with plant cells,” inside the plant.

Those regional variations in microbial or fungal communities, in turn, affect the structure of plant communities. Disease-causing microbes, for example, can keep one tree species from becoming dominant, but their impact depends on the mix of other microbes they live among. “What does it mean on a large scale when you change the composition of these communities and decrease their diversity?” says Peay. “I don’t think we have the answer quite yet.” But there are indications that it will matter—in a big way—as environments begin to shift. It seems like different microbes are “doing wildly different things” to forests, says Colin Averill, a postdoctoral researcher at Boston University, in Jennifer Bhatnagar’s lab. “If you know which types of fungi are on the roots of trees, you can better predict the ability of the forest to sequester carbon and forecast [the effects of] climate change.”

A fungus on white spruce roots. ANDRÉ-PH. D. PICARD/CC BY-SA 3.0

How exactly a plant’s microbiome makes changes like this is still a mystery, but last year a group of scientists, Busby included, proposed an agenda “analogous to the Human Microbiome Project,” to promote research that could start answering these questions. Scientists are beginning to discover how incredibly diverse the metabolism of plant-associated microorganisms is, says Bhatnagar, an assistant professor at Boston University, with a potential impact on a variety of fields, such as drug discovery and environmental management. “That’s one of the treasures of the plant microbiome that’s still untapped—all the molecules these guys can make and how we can help make them,” she says.

And keeping plants healthy is, in the end, a matter of human health, too. Understanding how to promote or manipulate a plant’s microbiome so that it’s healthier and more productive could lead to breakthroughs in agriculture and give farmers powerful tools other than fertilizers to boost production. If we can understand plant microbiomes, it might help us manage the rocky environmental future. “These cryptic organisms that live in plants contribute in meaningful ways to plant growth, plant development, and plant immunity,” says Busby. “They could be the key to growing enough food for our human populations in the future.”

Bron: https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/do-plants-have-microbiomes

How postbiotics and smart toilets could be the future of gut bacteria treatment

New research from King’s College London has set out to produce a comprehensive database of the various compounds produced by the enormous array of bacteria that resides in our gut. By studying the composition of these compounds in our stool the researchers suggest an accurate picture of our gut microbiome can be generated and future treatment targets to battle conditions such as obesity and diabetes can be developed.

Most classic treatments that work by altering gut health tend to concentrate on either prebiotics or probiotics. Prebiotics are foods or compounds consumed to help support or grow specific types of gut bacteria, while probiotics are actual live microorganisms consumed to engage known health benefits. Recently a third concept has been raised by some scientists as a better way to optimize gut health: Postbiotics.

Postbiotics are the metabolic byproducts produced by the bacteria in our gut. These biochemical substances can affect a range of physiological processes in our body. Postbiotics can traced in a person’s stool and this unique biological fingerprint is called a fecal metabolome.

The new research from King’s College London began with stool samples from 500 pairs of twins. The study went on to measure levels of over 800 different biochemical compounds found in their stool and known to be produced by various gut microbes. As well as finding interesting key chemical signatures they could directly be correlated with the amount of belly fat a person had. And by utilizing twins, the researchers could also gain a compelling insight into how the make up of a person’s gut bacteria is directed by genes as opposed to environmental factors such as diet.

The results showed that less than 20 percent of our gut bacterial chemical activity could be attributed to genes, while 67.7 per cent seemed to be influenced by environmental factors. This suggests that our microbiome can be comprehensively modulated through factors such as diet.

One of the key parts of the study involves building a gut metabolome database that helps connect postbiotic compounds with specific bacteria. This will assist future researchers in better understanding how certain gut bacterial environments could generate specific health outcomes.

An interesting potential future scenario is a more postbiotic-centered treatment process where, instead of trying to alter a person’s gut microbiome, we can directly home in on the necessary chemical compound produced by a certain microbe and add it specifically to our diets.

One interesting earlier study from the team that summed up this new way of understanding postbiotics, looked at the efficacy of omega-3 supplements and why they don’t exhibit positive effects for everyone. The study found that omega-3 is a beneficial compound that produces anti-inflammatory effects in the body and some of those anti-inflammatory effects are generated when the omega-3 is consumed by certain gut bacteria to generate a compound called n-carbamyl glutamate (NCG).

Unfortunately, certain people don’t have the right population of microbes in their gut to effectively produce NCG, resulting in them receiving minimal benefits from omega-3 supplements or omega-3 foods. NCG is considered a postbiotic as it is a chemical byproduct of bacterial activity in the gut.

So where does the idea of smart toilets come in?

Well, the hypothetical future scenario posited by the researchers is that we could have smart toilets, or smart toilet paper, that can offer a snapshot of the postbiotic profile of our stool and give insights into what chemical metabolites are being effectively produced by our gut microbiome. Looking at omega-3 as an example, this would enable clinicians to better understand whether those specific supplements would be effective in a given patient and potential dietary recommendations could be instituted to help grow populations of missing bacteria.

This kind of research offers a new perspective into how we could better garner positive health effects out of the complex population of bacteria that lives in our gut. The study of postbiotics takes things one step further than simply examining gut bacteria. It suggests that instead of administering live microorganisms to try to alter our microbiome, we should consider what compounds these microbes are producing and look to them for future treatment possibilities.

The new research was published in the journal Nature Genetics.

Source: King’s College London / The Conversation

Onze bron: https://newatlas.com/postbiotics-gut-bacteria-microbiome-fecal-metabolome/