UITNODIGING EM DAG zaterdag 12 mei 2018

bij de Japanse Esdoornkwekerij van Dick van der Maat in Boskoop van 10:00 tot 16:00


De gelegenheid voor EM gebruikers, fanaten, liefhebbers, leken, makers, verspreiders en drinkers om geïnspireerd te raken, te inspireren, informatie op te doen, informatie uit te wisselen en even stil te staan bij de miljarden helpers die Prof. Higa een Earth Saving Revolution noemt, want is er iets wat niet op te lossen is met Effectieve Micro-organismen?

12 Mei is alweer de 12de EM dag, een feestelijke gelegenheid. Komt u dit jaar ook (weer)? U bent van harte welkom in de met EM ondergedompelde Japanse Esdoorn kwekerij van Dick van der Maat. Dick’s biologische acer kwekerij is een bijzonder pareltje in Boskoop, het epicentrum van de uitgebreide sierteelt.

Deze gezellige zaterdag begint om 10:00 en heeft een uitloop tot 16:00.

De toegang, de koffie en de thee, de informatie, de gezelligheid en het weer is allemaal gratis.

Lees meer voor het hele programma >

Composting bones with bokashi

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A common question we get asked is: Can I put bones in my bokashi composter? This is really two questions about composting bones: can I? and should I? The first is easy…. the latter is not so black and white.

Can I put bones in my bokashi composter?

Yes!

See, told you that was easy! The bokashi composter will help remove pathogens associated with composting meat bones. The fermenting process of bokashi composting will mean that the bones are not attractive to pests. So, yes, you can put bones in your bokashi composter. They will break down in your garden soil, eventually.

Should I put bones in my bokashi composter?

It depends! Bones take a long time to break down, even after they have been through the bokashi composter. If you are happy digging bones up from your garden then, go ahead, throw your bones into your bokashi composter.

Personally, I love the ease of putting absolutely everything into my bokashi composter. So, I do throw all of my bones into the bokashi composter; chicken carcasses, rib bones… everything. I know where I have buried the bokashi pre-compost in my garden as I will still dig up bones months later!

I know some people who use the bokashi system almost exclusively for meat and bones. For example, if you have a successful vermicompost or hot-composting pile you may be able to compost most of your food waste that way. The bokashi composter allows you to compost those harder-to-compost items such as bones.

Similarly, those of you using bokashi compost to strive for zero waste will likely want to put your bones into your bokashi composter too.

However, if you want to have fine soil in your garden or you will be sieving the compost pile, then you likely shouldn’t add your bones to your bokashi composter. Likewise, some people don’t like the idea of finding animal bones in their garden beds. It really is up to you.

How to compost bones faster

There are a few techniques that you can use to help your bones break down more rapidly in your bokashi kitchen composter.

1. Make bone broth first

Boiling your bones to make broth will help soften the bones. These softer bones will break down a bit faster when you add your bokashi pre-compost to your garden.

2. Grind or smash your bones

Using a meat grinder it is possible to grind smaller bones. Or you could smash them with a hammer before adding to your bokashi bucket. Like chopping your food waste, smashing or grinding your bones allows the bokashi microbes to get at a larger surface area. Ground or smashed bones will break down into compost faster.

Alternatively, you could wait until your bones have been through the bokashi process and been in the soil for a while before your smash them. By that time they will have become more brittle and easier to break.


It really is a personal preference and depends on what you want to get out of bokashi composting. Bones in or bones out…. its up to you!

Bron: https://bokashiliving.com/composting-bones-bokashi/

Bokashi tegen blauwalg, beweert Lassing uit Best

BEST – Etensresten zelf thuis verwerken tot voedingssupplement of dieren- en plantenvoeding, het kan allemaal door de Bokashi-emmer te gebruiken. Dat betekent dat je één container minder aan de straat hoeft te zetten. Maar het is ook een manier om blauwalg effectief op een natuurlijke manier te bestrijden tegen slechts 10 procent van de huidige kosten.

Tom Lassing zet al twee jaar lang niet één groene bak meer langs de weg. ,,Het is jammer dat ons afvalheffingsysteem niet wordt berekend op basis van de containers die je daadwerkelijk aanbiedt”, verzucht hij.

Maar de Bokashi-methode biedt gelukkig ook nog genoeg andere voordelen, vindt Lassing. Bokashi is het Japanse woord voor fermenteren. En dat is iets heel anders dan composteren. ,,Je koopt een kant en klare Bokashi-set die bestaat uit een combinatie van een emmer en daarnaast zogenaamde effectieve micro-organismen. Denk daarbij maar aan het spul dat in Yakult zit. Ze hebben een specifieke string van die dingen uitgedokterd”, vertelt Lassing.

,,Door dat spul toe te voegen aan de etensresten die je in de speciale emmer stopt komt er een fermenteringsproces op gang. Aan de onderkant van de emmer zit een kraantje waarmee je het vocht kunt aftappen. En dat kan je gewoon opdrinken. Het is een uitstekend voedingssupplement. Maar het spul kan ook als toevoeging op dierenvoer worden gebruikt of je geeft het aan je planten.”

Blauwalg

Er is ook nog een andere toepassing voor: het is een probaat middel om je vijver mooi helder te krijgen en in balans te brengen. ,,Ik dacht aan blauwalg in de visvijver hier in Best”, zegt Lassing. ,,Dat is gemeen spul. Het is niet voor niks dat ze ons waarschuwen als dat ergens opduikt.”

Uiteraard is er een hele industrie die zich bezig houdt met het bestrijden ervan. ,,Maar ja, dat spul is veel duurder en vervuilend, en het werkt niet eens goed. Want ieder jaar kampen we weer met hetzelfde probleem”, beweert Lassing.

Hij heeft de gemeente verteld dat ze de blauwalg tegen zo’n tien procent van de kosten die ze nu kwijt zijn veel effectiever kunnen bestrijden, maar tot op heden is met zijn advies nog niets gedaan. ,,Het is niet geheel wetenschappelijk onderbouwd, maar waarom zou je het niet eens een keer proberen?”

Bron: https://www.ed.nl/best/bokashi-tegen-blauwalg-beweert-lassing-uit-best~a59259a1/

Groene Markt bij de Groene Belevenis op 21 april

Kwekerij Heinen ( www.heinen-siergrassen.nl) staat op het volgende evenement met EM!

Het Struintuinseizoen gaat weer van start! Zaterdag 21 april is de Struintuin open en kan er weer naar hartenlust gestruind worden. Er zijn activiteiten voor het hele gezin zoals broodjes bakken boven het kampvuur, natuurschatten zoeken, braakballen pluizen of zaadbommetjes maken.

Natuurlijk kun je ook gewoon gluren bij de ooievaar, waterdiertjes uit de poel vissen, op zoek naar kriebeldiertjes, hutten bouwen in het takkenbos, waterpompen bij de beek en in de modderkeuken de heerlijkste moddersoep maken. Dit jaar wordt ook een markt georganiseerd met informatie over een groene en duurzame leefstijl, als afsluiting van onze campagne Doe De Duurzame 13.

De entreeprijs is € 2,50 per persoon. (Let op, je kunt alleen contant betalen) Kinderen tot en met 2 jaar betalen geen entree.

De tuin en markt zijn open van 13.00 – 16.30 uur.
De Struintuin ligt achter De Groene Belevenis,
Hamersveldseweg 107 in Leusden.

Kom bij voorkeur op de fiets. Honden zijn helaas niet toegestaan in de tuin.
http://degroenebelevenis.nl/page/6971/opening-struinseizoen-en-groene-markt.html
Contact over EM: Tel. 0651067520

EM-X Gold dosering

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“Wat is de dosering van EM-X Gold?” is een vraag die vaak gesteld wordt.
Hieronder vindt u de geadviseerde richtlijnen:

  • Dosering preventie, geen kwalen: 10-15 ml per dag (ook wel onderhoudsdosering genoemd)
  • Kleine kwalen: 30-45 ml/dag, allergieën zoals hooikoorts
  • Ziekte/aandoening: 45-60 ml/dag, auto-immuunziekte/reuma
  • Ernstige ziektes: 60-90 ml/dag, kwaadaardige ziektes zoals kanker
  • Soms wordt meer dan 90ml/dag bij levensbedreigende aandoeningen geadviseerd.

De werking van EM-X Gold verbetert als het in een warme vloeistof (zoals: koffie, thee, water) wordt ingenomen schrijft prof. Higa. Dr Tanaka zegt dat de EM-X Gold door de warmte wordt opgeladen.

How Soil Biology Impacts N on the Farm

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The importance of our soil biology and its activity is not often spoken about when farmers are considering their N inputs for the season. Instead rates and expected dry matter tend to be the main talking points. Overlooking the biological processes is what limits farmers from getting the most out of their N inputs. It also illustrates why we often see farmers having to put more and more N on to get the same yields. This often comes down to having low soil biology and poor soil structure, which increases there losses. In order to illustrate my point let me explain the mechanisms of how we get N in the soil and how N is lost.

How do we get N in the Soil

Fixation

Bacteria and plants roots convert atmospheric N into Ammonium which can be used by plants and be put through the nitrification cycle. In New Zealand this has been trialed extensively and it is generally accepted that Clover can produce 25 kg N  per tonne of DM grown.

Mineralisation

Soil organic matter in the soil is broken down by decomposing microbes. This decomposition produces ammonia, which can then go through the nitrification process. Since this is biological the process is highly impacted by temp, moisture, pH and aeration among other things. In good conditions and with active soil biology you can extract up to 15kg of free N per percentage of OM in your soil. So if you have 5% OM in the soil it can potentially mineralise 75Kg of N.  Conversely poor OM, aeration and soil biology will mean that you mineralise very little or even lose N through immobilisation. So we need to make sure we add OM to our soils, build soil structure and have an active soil biology to maximise mineralisation.

Nitrification

Bacteria in the soil convert N inputs from ammonia through to nitrate. This process is called nitrification. Compounds such as nitrate, nitrite, ammonia and ammonium can be taken up from soils by plants and then used in the formation of plant and animal proteins. Take Urea for example, Urea is converted through an enzyme ‘urease’ to Ammonium then it enters the nitrification cycle. Urease can be found in seeds, plants and microbes but predominantly is produced by microbes in the soil E.g. Many animals excrete urea in their urine. Soil micro-organisms feed on animal urine, producing urease to transform the urea to ammonia, which is then readily accessible to plants.

The ways in which Nitrogen is lost

Denitrification

Denitrification is a biological process which occurs due to lack of oxygen in the soil. Because the bacteria can’t access Oxygen from the atmosphere they then take Oxygen out of the nitrate molecule which then creates a gas leading to atmospheric losses. Susceptible soils include, clay or compacted soils, soils that are heavily worked leading to a crust on top and even heavily thatched soils.These soil s are very common in New Zealand Agriculture with climate and stocking issues contributing to exacerbate the problem. The way that we can reduce the likelihood of this happening is:

  • Improve drainage
  • Reduce compaction
  • Improve soil structure
  • Balance C/N ratio
  • Improve microbial activity

Volitisation/ Urea hydrolysis

This happens when urea combines with water and becomes ammonia. If it does immediately come in contact with the soil then it can be lost through denitrification. These processes are speed up by temperature and rainfall etc. 30% of your N inputs can be lost at this phase. It can be reduced through using inhibitors, incorporation in the soil and a rain or irrigation event post application.

Leaching

Leaching is primarily caused due to Nitrate being a negatively charged molecule so it moves down through the soil profile which obviously leads to leaching. What influences leaching is heavy rainfall or over irrigation, high amount of nitrates in soil e.g. over fertilisation and saturated soils. The way that we can reduce the likelihood of this happening is:

  • Reduce nitrate levels (Use less N fertilisers)
  • Delay nitrate conversion (Inhibitors)
  • High biological activity – taking N into the microbial pool

How EM can enhance these Biological Processes

The above points showcase the huge impact of microbes in getting N to our plants. By utilising biological inputs and in our case EM we can enhance these processes that will;

  • Speed up the biological process in the soil
  • Fix more atmospheric N
  • Stimulate biological activity giving you a better overall N response
  • Help reduce leaching.

EM will also as a soil decomposer release available N through organic matter recycling.  In addition the EM effect on improving aeration in the soil and soil structure will ensure that volitisation is minimal. Below I have highlighted some published trials showcasing the effect EM has on increasing the N content of the soil to further illustrate these points.

Trial Data

In this trial published in the European Journal of Agronomy, they looked at Long-term effective microorganism’s application to promote growth and increase the yield of rice. The results showed that long-term soil amendments caused significant changes in soil physical-chemical properties. The soil organic matter, total N, alkaline-hydrolysable nitrogen, and available K content was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the EM and compost plot, than in the control plot. Soil available P and K content was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the EM plot than in the traditional compost plot.

Another trial (Lim, Pak, & Jong, 1997) conducted in Korea, looked at the effect of EM treatment on the content of nutrients in the soil. The EM treatment increased the content of soluble nutrients. The contents of soluble nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium increased 4.4, 3.6 and 2.8 mg/100g soil, respectively. The increase of soluble N, P and K contents might be attributed to activity of nitrogen fixers and organic acids excreted by the different organisms in EM.

In the next trial published in the Biological Agriculture and Horticulture Journal in 2011 title ‘Effective Micro-organisms’ (EM): An Effective Plant Strengthening Agent for Tomatoes in Protected cultivation. N mineralization at later stages of the experiment was higher in the EM treatment. It was also determined that a more even N supply to the plants in the EM treatment, combined with the effect of a direct stone dust-application onto the plants, clearly increased plant yield and fostered plant health.

This final trial published in the American Journal of Alternative Agriculture looked at Rice and wheat production in Pakistan with effective microorganisms. The results of a three-year study in Pakistan show that EM applied in combination with chemical fertilizer, green manure, and farmyard manure significantly increased the yields and nutrient uptake of rice and wheat, compared with these treatments applied singly.

Bron: https://www.emnz.com/article/how-soil-biology-impacts-n-on-the-farm

Improved Soil and Pastures in Northland – Comparison Pictures

Recently I was lucky enough to visit a great farm in Northland. This mixed operation farm has dairy and beef units and with no irrigation relies heavily on building covers coming out of winter to generate the milk production as Northland typically drys out quickly into the summer. This farmer has recently looked at a more biological fertiliser program loosely based on the Kinsey/Albrecht fertiliser recommendations. The past season was the first season where EM has been included into his program and they have started to see some great benefits. Currently it is very wet but they are starting to reap the benefits of his soil program as the drainage is impressive and the soil structure, with improved friability and great worm numbers has improved dramatically.

It was while driving around the farm that we noticed the huge difference in the paddocks/blocks with which he had treated with EM vrs areas which he hadn’t. Those blocks were much greener and the pasture was much more dense. The pictures below give you a good comparison and show the benefits of stimulating soil biology and feeding it with the right nutrients including improving water holding capacity and plant health and vitality.

The second image shows the difference between two applications of em versus only one application on the untreated section.

Bron: https://www.emnz.com/article/improved-northland-pastures (3-10-2017)